April 24, 2008
What Are You Thinking About The Future?

Someone just mentioned in a previous post thread that I do not do miscellaneous thread posts. Well, here's one. What's on your mind?

My own miscellaneous thoughts:

Walking to work (as I've been doing for the last few days partly to think about energy costs and future changes caused by them) is less stressful than driving. I wonder if a lot of people get stressed out by their commutes without realizing it.

When will the FLDS and other polygamous sects start using sexual selection technology to make more female than male babies? Seems like such an obvious thing to do and the tech exists for doing sex selection pre-conception (i.e. no selective abortion necessary). Too expensive for them? Or are they ignorant of the tech? Or do they consider it somehow offensive? Or do church leaders like using the shortage of women caused by polygamy to make the males compete for favor from church leaders?

How much will rising commodities costs accelerate the development of nanomaterials? Will materials science advances reverse the construction cost rise for power plants?

Will the cost of polysilicon drop substantially in the next 5 years and make photovoltaics much cheaper? I've read an article recently whose writer expects a big drop in polysilicon prices. Likely? Is polysilicon manufacture energy intensive?

The world has too many people.

How can Colonel Tigh be a fracking Cylon? He's too old and has too long a history as a human. The development of human looking Cylons occurred after (or am I wrong?) the previous war with the Cyclons. Tigh and Adama fought the Cylons in that battle. Was Cylon Tigh switched with human Tigh more recently? Also, when they arrive at Earth will they arrive in our future?

Share |      Randall Parker, 2008 April 24 07:26 PM  Miscellaneous Coverage

Disappointed said at April 24, 2008 8:58 PM:

Really? No warning about the spoiler? Come on! Put a warning up.

Mike Johnson said at April 24, 2008 9:04 PM:

Good idea. I would like to see more of these.

There's a truly massive amount of inertia in our society, and as technology is speeding up, there's probably going to be a truly epic (violent?) collision between status quo and what technology makes possible.

Deep brain stimulation is way more powerful than most people realize. We could do pretty amazing things with it today.

What are some non-intuitive things people should do to prepare for what might happen in the future?

epobirs said at April 24, 2008 9:11 PM:

Well, the Adama flashback sequence in 'Razor' indicated that the Cylons were well underway with their bio research during the previous war, which ended 40 years before the destruction of the Colonies. Since Cylon sleepers like Sharon appear to be inserted as adults with false memories of their lives, including childhoods, Tigh may only have come into existence a few short years before meeting Adama. Is there anyone living who knew Tigh before he met Adama? Probably not, especially not anyone who knew Tigh in his youth.

As for the other stuff, I'd have to think about it a while.

Cervus said at April 24, 2008 10:44 PM:

Will research into oil alternatives--second generation biofuels, advanced batteries--succeed in time to blunt the edge of Peak Oil as we make the transition? That is the biggest thing on my mind right now. Our civilization depends on it.

Randall Parker said at April 24, 2008 10:48 PM:


Spoiler? What did I reveal that hasn't already been on TV?


No, the energy alternatives are not going to come on fast enough. Yes, I think about it a great deal too.

The big problem is transportation. We aren't getting liquid substitutes or batteries fast enough. GM is going to charge a very high price for the Volt and it will be available in limited quality at a point in time when gasoline will cost much more than it does today.

I'm expecting a big economic contraction. I do not see how to avoid it.

Mthson said at April 24, 2008 11:57 PM:

Perhaps some readers who will be having kids in the future might want to consider freezing sperm to delay its aging and waiting some years for more genetic knowledge to make embryo selection even more practical.

If we know the DNA regions associated with a trait but we lack specific knowledge about alleles, it seems like embryo selection can nonetheless be biased toward one parent or the other for that region (height, weight, skin, eyes, different personality traits).

Faruq Arshad said at April 25, 2008 6:17 AM:

Mike Johnson,how is deep brain stimulation way more powerful than most people realize? What kind of things can it achieve,besides the obvious in helping to treat depressed people? Can it really increase a persons IQ?

Mike Johnson said at April 25, 2008 7:10 AM:


DBS has the ability to alter relative activity levels between brain regions. This is the basis for a lot of things. (I think it could be used to boost IQ, but I don't think that's the ideal frame in which to think of its effects.)

Brock said at April 25, 2008 7:50 AM:

I think everyone on that show is a Cylon, it's just that the Colonists are descended from the Cylons of Kobol (who killed all the humans and then left for another world, just as the present generation of Cylons tried to do). And all the people on Kobol were descended from the Cylons on Earth, who did the exact same thing. "All this has happened before, all of this will happen again." Col. Tigh can be a Cylon because "the Final Five" are really the last Cylons from Earth who remember what they are, and this time "They have a plan" to make sure that some remnant of humanity survives. They still feel guilty about what they did, but more importantly they see the Colonists as their children and seek to protect them. That's why Tigh, Anders, Tyrol, Tori and ??? have placed themselves in positions where they can influence events to keep as many humans alive as possible.


If Cylons are physiologically indistinguishable from humans, where is the consciousness transfer mechanism? More importantly, if a human brain is similar to a Cylon brain in most respects, could you accidentally get imprinted from a dying Cylon trying to get back to the resurrection ship? That's what I think happened to Balter/Six. When Six died on Caprica protecting Baltar from the exploding window their consciousnesses got scrambled together, so they each have a little part of the other living inside them.


Will we ever get off this planet and establish colonies among the worlds and stars? Can humans conceive, give birth and grow up in anything other than exactly 1g? If not we'll be confined to rotating space stations and very rare worlds.

Relatedly, when will it be cheap enough for groups of motivated individuals to establish off-world colonies without government support? Will we see an explosion of colonization across the solar system?

When will the next big breakthrough in physics come? Is the next Einstein already working on his theories now? Will the next breakthrough allow us to escape the hard facts of relativity that keep us trapped in all practical respects in this solar system?

China will transition to democracy (this is inevitable), but will it make it in one piece and without war? Will Iran still exist in 50 years?

At some point in the next century someone, somewhere, whether by accident or out of malice, will use a bio-weapon. I hope we survive.

Faruq Arshad said at April 25, 2008 8:04 AM:

Currently we think the speed of light can't be broken. But maybe once we breed humans with enhanced IQ's,they will be able to think of a work-around this speed limit. A person with an iq of 90 can not conceive of inventing sutff like electricty and atomic stations,whereas people with iq's of 160 can conceive of inventing these things and other stuff. Maybe people who think humans will never leave the solar system have not taken into account the effect of future higher iq's.

Brian Wang said at April 25, 2008 8:56 AM:

Spoiler alert on Battlestar Galactica

although if you are reading this thread then you should have already been watching the shows.

however the answer I am going to provide was already stated in the shows.

Ready or not.

The last war ended 40 years ago.
Colonel Tigh met Adama 30 years ago.

BSG 3.0 (first BSG 1.0 was with Lorne Green and Richard Hatch, then there was the wretched BSG 1980 as BSG 2.0) is somewhat interesting and I guess more relatable to some TV critics and those who do not like other science fiction. However, they make a big production about politics and rights ...blah blah
Hello you just had a near apokolips. You had billions of people on 12 planets/solar systems. You now have 40,000. Your "media" is on the scale of one college radio and newspapers. Your "president" and council is like the town council of a small town. The humans are like ants in an ant farm project for cylons. The cylons had a big spraying of the ant infestation and kept one ant farm. They look at the clear glass of the ant farm and watch the ants run around. The humans are pretty much all idiots and they have no plan.

Lono said at April 25, 2008 9:24 AM:

When will Humans develop a social heirarchy based on intelligence rather than aggresion? And will we have to imprison/enslave/or otherwise have to wipe out those with genetic predispositions towards amoral aggression and low empathy to achieve such a society?

To this end why has Mensa not aquired more power or influence in international society? Should it be restructured into more of a Skull and Bones entity to aquire more influence in the highest levels of society?

Why do scientist not take UFOlogy at least as seriously as Cryptozoology? Why have several US and foreign Astronauts claimed that knowledge of extra-terrestrial crafts does exist and is classified?

What could we do to create a MAD defense against an aggressive A.I.? Why is this not seriously discussed as A.I. technology progresses? Why are safety protocols for A.I. not seriously considered by scientists in the field of research?

Is there an attempt to control GM technologies by a handful of companies at the expense of the entire world population? Can an open source project compete against this emerging threat?

Will we continue to naively trust political systems or will we seriously considering engineering a class of bureaucrats (artifical or GM) that will do their job efficiently without the normal human tendency to consolidate or extend influence beyond what is lawful?

Will people continue to be dumbed down by entertainment overstimulation or can a healthy balance be achieved? Why do some people seem to be able to consume excess entertainment without deletrious effects? Can this phenotype (and it's underlying genotype) be better understood?

When will an international group of scientists seriously investigate 9/11 based on physical evidence instead of politcal bias or intimidation? Why is the U.S. govt. still witholding key physical evidence and video footage from the public?

As far as Colonel Tigh - if he was not replaced I call B.S. on that! But that show is really more about metaphysics than actual physics so I try not to overthink it. ;-)

Faruq Arshad said at April 25, 2008 12:00 PM:

Will criminals reprogram robots to make them their accomplocies? If cought,wil the robots have to do jail time or will they just be deactivated?

Brock said at April 25, 2008 12:19 PM:

You IQ-elitists make me laugh. Richard Feyman, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics and was sought out by Niehls Bohr and Albert Einstein for discussions of theoretical physics, had a measurable IQ of 123. Moreover, modern society is not now based on aggression and will never be based solely on intelligence as long as we remain human. Humans "feel" as much (more?) than they think, and society will always be based on emotion as much as rationality. This is not a bad thing either.

I suspect though that Richard was non-average in many ways, just not ways measurable at the time (or even now). We'll learn to make those measurements pretty soon though. I also suspect it will be easier to make an "average" person into an Einstein, Rockafeller or Kissinger than to make anyone "super human." The first project is merely duplicating what Nature has already wrought, which is hard but far easier than improving on it. I wonder what it will be like to finally live in a society where it's finally true that "all men are created equal" (though created so by Men, not God).


Will any of the recent work in fusion finally pay off in the near term? I'm looking at Pollywells and Focus Fusion specifically. If they do, what would be the production contraints (if any) preventing a mass adoption of the technology? People who are heavily invested in solar and wind will be wiped out, and "green" investing may cease to be popular for decades (perhaps forever).


I don't think it matters how many people there are on Earth nearly as much as it matters how many non-renewable, non-recyclable resources each one uses. The ultimately non-renewable resource is energy (Laws of Thermo say so), but if we can tap into sources so plentiful it ceases to matter (100% efficient solar or wind, or H2-B11 fusion), then the world can support many more billions than it has today. Simply recycle all materials and increase energy intensity; stack one greenhouse/meat vat on top of another until they're as tall as any building in Dubai. Do the same for apartment blocks and irrigate the Sahara and New Mexico until they resemble the Indus and Babylon. Earth is big. One day we'll worry about total waste heat put off by civilization, but that is not today nor the next century.

Lono said at April 25, 2008 12:33 PM:


You put Rockefeller and Kissinger right next to Einstein?

Really!? Wow!

The former are an excellent example of agressive, maybe even intelligent, but wholy unempathetic elitists - while Einstein continues to shine as an example of both great intelligence and great compassion.

We can see where men like that have used technology to increase their control over men, rather than to raise the standard of living for mankind.

What I am calling for is a strategy to promote emapthetic leaders who can provide intelligent solutions for humanity, rather than rewarding the anachronistic, aggresive, instinctual behaviors that once benefitted the species so well.

We will have to make a consious choice to do so however, becuase it will not come natural to us at first.

But as a sentient species we are masters of our environment beyond that of any other animal - and our mastery of ourselves (both intellectually and genotypically) is the next logical step as we progress towards a stable space faring civilization.

To ignore our history is to indeed repeat it - so let us make a better and consious choice for the next millenium.

Brock said at April 25, 2008 2:00 PM:

I put Rockefeller and Kissinger next to Einstein because I didn't want to list all scientists as example of "smart." There are many kinds of intelligence, and those two men had something that Einstein didn't. Social progress is more than just about understanding how the world works, it's also about doing something about. Rockefeller and Kissinger got things done. It wasn't an endorsement by me of their social niceties. Maybe Kissinger isn't the "empathetic leader" you're looking for, but the world survives today because he and men like him kept the West free from Marxism while also not letting the world be destroyed by nuclear war. Survival is a success that's worth repeating.

You can make a nice society if you want, but I'll take no part in it. The Universe is mean; nice gets you killed. You're either willing to fight, or you die when something meaner and stronger comes along. And it's not just you that dies, but the memory of everything beautiful you ever created. Does anyone know what a Carthaginian symphony sounds like?

"Now this is the Law of the Jungle
-- as old and as true as the sky;
And the Wolf that shall keep it may prosper,
but the Wolf that shall break it must die."

If you think pacifism is a successful model to build society on, it is you who are ignoring history. You should read some Kipling, and treat it as a User's Manual.

Just to head off two of your likely arguments:
1. Aliens may exist, and they may not be nice.
2. Even if aliens don't exist humans do, and there's a snowball's change in hell 100% of all people will submit to being "pacified" in any manner, which means there will always be Mongols among us. And if you're not the Mongol, you're the Jin.

Faruq Arshad said at April 25, 2008 2:23 PM:

Maybe I can see ppl like Edison,Rothschild and Rockerfeller compared next to Einstein,but Kissinger?

Brock said at April 25, 2008 2:52 PM:

I wanted an example of science, business and political genius. Feel free to suggest another political "genius" if Kissinger doesn't meet your standards. Lincoln, Jefferson, Churchill or Washington would all be fine with me. Just don't mention any Fascists/Marxists like Lenin or FDR. Even if they were geniuses (and they were, in their way), they were tyrants of the first order; exactly the sort I would oppose on Lono's behalf.

I'm equally open to other suggestions for business; Ford, Edison, Watson Jr., Gates, etc. Lots of choices. But I do prefer entrepreneurs who win in the free market to "inherited" greatness (such as any CEO of GE this century), or to those who use government to enforce a monopoly (like any telco boss).

epobirs said at April 25, 2008 10:19 PM:

Lono, have you ever been to a MENSA gathering? I wouldn't trust most of those people to run a 7-11, never mind a nation. You can score very high on IQ tests while lacking all of the traits that build civilizations. MENSA draws hordes of that sort while real achievers are too busy for self-aggrandizement clubs.

Randall Parker said at April 25, 2008 11:06 PM:

Mensa: Just plain being smart is a waste. Still, if you are very smart and find peers hard to come by then a social club for meeting very smart people might help you. Though the one very smart friend who joined Mensa told me the particular local Mensa club he visited with were misfits and he quite.

Faruq Arshad,

Once cheap DNA testing leads to the identification of IQ-boosting genes and people start choosing genes for higher IQ for their offspring human innovation will accelerate. But that acceleration won't become noticeable for at least 2 decades after this practice starts. First off, few will be early adopters of biotech for offspring IQ boosting. Second, it takes many years for a kid to grow up, get trained, and start doing new innovations. Maybe in the 2030s we'll just start see the effects of a much larger population of really smart people.

Given that IQ enhancement effects are still a distant prospect I have to wonder whether artificial intelligence will boost the rate of innovation much sooner.

Randall Parker said at April 25, 2008 11:20 PM:

Mensa: Just plain being smart is a waste. Still, if you are very smart and find peers hard to come by then a social club for meeting very smart people might help you. Though the one very smart friend who joined Mensa told me the particular local Mensa club he visited with were misfits and he quite.

Faruq Arshad,

Once cheap DNA testing leads to the identification of IQ-boosting genes and people start choosing genes for higher IQ for their offspring human innovation will accelerate. But that acceleration won't become noticeable for at least 2 decades after this practice starts. First off, few will be early adopters of biotech for offspring IQ boosting. Second, it takes many years for a kid to grow up, get trained, and start doing new innovations. Maybe in the 2030s we'll just start see the effects of a much larger population of really smart people.

Given that IQ enhancement effects are still a distant prospect I have to wonder whether artificial intelligence will boost the rate of innovation much sooner.

Faruq Arshad said at April 26, 2008 4:34 AM:

Also,there will be the effect of lots of high iq people working together to make a contribution greater than suggested if you were to add up their individual iq's. I think there's a name for this phenomena,maybe emergent behaviour. I think this idea explains the sucess of brainstorming. An anaology is that in Las Alamos,where they built the atomic bomb,there were a lot of high iq people working,but any of them working by themselves wouldn't be able to construct the bomb. But when you had a lot of high iq people working together they were able to somehow pool their iq's together. Maybe stuff we think is impossible,like time travel,will occur due to scientists working together.

Mike Johnson said at April 26, 2008 7:09 AM:


I'm curious what you think of this: http://www.jerrypournelle.com/reports/cochran/overclocking.html

On the IQ issue... I think a whole lot of confusion could have been avoided if it'd been named "Talent enablement and amplification quotient" rather than "Intelligence quotient".

Rob said at April 26, 2008 8:59 AM:


A while back you asked readers for ideas on what we'd like to see on FP. I'd like to see a decent list of 'smart drugs', supplements, and technology. Also, and this may not be your thing, but practical advise on adopting behavoirs that will increase intellectual output and performance.

Have you blogged about cogmed? They claim to be able to up working memory even in, IIRC, normal adults.

Mike, the Cochran stuff at Pournelle's site is fascinating. Here is a site that collected much of his writing: http://gc.homeunix.net/

Dr. Cochran said he wrote an essay called "Half Past Man" which I have not been able to find. Perhaps someone would be kind enough to post a link?

Randall Parker said at April 26, 2008 10:57 AM:

Mike Johnson,

I have high regard for Greg Cochran and think he's right to argue that basically IQ overclocking has happened to Ashkenazi Jews. See my post On The Evolution Of Ashkenazi Jewish Intelligence. Greg told Jerry Pournelle about this idea a few years before Greg was ready to publish a paper on it (with Henry Harpending and Jason Hardy).


I'm doing reading on practical ways to boost your performance. I'm not ready to say much about it yet. My latest thinking: You can probably do more for yourself by eating right and sleeping well than by taking drugs. Also, I think it is very important to figure out effective techniques for simply making priorities and motivating yourself to perform. This has been my focus in the last few years.

Tj Green said at April 26, 2008 2:39 PM:

Because of the blood brain barrier, what is good for your heart is also good for your brain.

David Gobel said at April 26, 2008 3:36 PM:

When will money be replaced? With what will it be replaced?
What is Good? Why are there no schools exploring this topic head on?
What is the opposite of terrorism?
Why do people surrender their integrity so cheaply?
How much brilliance is lost deep in the files in the patent office?
Are there people out there that are so smart they know that doing anything is a waste of time and thus never do anything?
Are there people out there that are so smart that they are doing things that we simply can't detect?
Can we engineer new ways of thinking that don't require words?
Why is writing - the fossil evidence of consciousness - so recent?
Is the constitution and bill of rights an operating system?
How DO you herd cats?

Mike Johnson said at April 26, 2008 4:54 PM:


I had missed that post. Great coverage.

JSBolton said at April 26, 2008 6:17 PM:

Are you going to cover the life expectancy decline which has shown up in a significant percentage of U.S. counties, and speculate on whether this might spread, and change the actuarial assumptions involving old age social interventions?

Mike Johnson said at April 27, 2008 11:20 AM:

By the way... I suspect the Guilliot and Baumeister finding that glucose is a central factor in willpower may turn out to be more generally relevant than is immediately obvious, particularly as the "Western Diet" tends to be corrosive to our ability to regulate glucose.

Short writeup here-

You may already be ahead of me, but I'd personally encourage you to follow (up on) this thread about brain glucose. Seems like there's going to be more science coming out about it, and it also seems important.

Randall Parker said at April 27, 2008 12:18 PM:

Mike Johnson,

You raise a very interesting idea. Do people today have lower average will power because their blood sugar goes up and down a lot?

I see it cutting a few ways:

1) People in the past ate less refined and lower glycemic index diets. This would have leveled out their glucose levels.

2) People in the past got more exercise. Again, better glucose regulation.

3) But they had a hard time getting enough food. So it depends on who and during what time period we are talking about.

Maybe there was an optimal period in industrialization where people still did a lot of manual labor and ate old style foods but had enough food to eat. So there might have been a peak period for will power.

Another thought: Does insulin resistance reduce or increase will power? It is my vague memory that the brain does not use insulin to import sugar from the blood stream. So does elevated blood glucose due to insulin resistance increase glucose supply to the brain?

Faruq Arshad said at April 27, 2008 12:52 PM:

global warming is bad in the long-run,but in the long-run it will allow larger harvests,and a short period of great prosperity?

Faruq Arshad said at April 27, 2008 2:13 PM:

Also, having a forum attached to Futurepundit would be good.

Randall Parker said at April 27, 2008 3:54 PM:


I hear you. I've thought about doing that. I could add a subdomain with forums.futurepundit.com maybe.

I've also thought about some organized way to for people to answer questions. What I think is needed: a way to organize questions and then have people vote on whether they are interested in responses. But to make that work seems tricky. People would probably want a way to register to get notified of answers?

I'm thinking about it. I need to upgrade to the latest version of MovableType and see what it brings in terms of useful features for doing these things. Also, then if that is still not enough I need to look at some of the other software out there for forums and methods of maintaining lists.

I also want the discussions to be more nested the way The Oil Drum does it.

Faruq Arshad said at April 27, 2008 5:46 PM:

Thanks Randall,but what's the point in voting to see which questions get answered? I mean, either someone reading futurepundit will have the brains to answer the question posed,or won't.I'm guessing 90% of questions will be able to be answered.What difference will it make voting on which questions are responded to?

Randall Parker said at April 27, 2008 6:19 PM:


The votes have two purposes:

1) They tell would-be answerers how many people are interested in an answer.

2) They let people with an interest in the question register for notification that answers have been posted.

Mind you, I'm just kicking the idea around. This still doesn't solve the quality problem which is the biggest problem.

Faruq Arshad said at April 28, 2008 7:25 AM:

Maybe you can link futurepundit to Paypal. That way anyone wishing to,can make donations. The person who gives the best answer to any question can be rewarded with some money via the donations send via paypal. LOL.

Mike Johnson said at April 28, 2008 8:04 AM:


Very interesting. I suspect there might be something to your "peak willpower" idea (though we know very little except what crude intuition tells us about what other variables willpower might depend on).

I would suspect insulin resistance would hamper willpower, based on insulin resistance's role in metabolic syndrome/diabetes, but I've only a pretty unsophisticated understanding of this.

I find this willpower idea very central in cognitive enhancement, actually. People don't do a great number of things that would be good for them and good for their brainpower, and a big part of this is that these things sap willpower to do and people simply don't have that to spare.

Increase the pool of willpower, and not only would you get a likely intrinsic cognitive boost from this, but lots of things benefit downstream.

(You can never have "too much" willpower or brain glucose stability, right? It shouldn't lead to psychopathology?)

Rob said at April 29, 2008 9:30 AM:

Mike, at least outside the brain, high levels of glucose lead to vascular damage. I don't know if the brain is immune. If I had to guess, the easiest way to increase brain function is to improve its energy metabolism.
Creatine supplementation is fairly well-studied. It seems like a reasonable first nootropic to try

Creatine supplementation makes healthy young adult vegetarians and vegans smarter. Some people claim that vegetarians are creatine-deficient, but oral creatine supplements increase brain creatine concentration in normal adults. Creatine supplementation reduces reduces the performance decline from short term slepp deficit In the ederly it improves performance on several tasks, but not backwards number recall, which I guess is reverse digit span.

This article is a worthwhile read for anyone into intelligence increase. It seems modafinil increases working memory, especially for lower IQ people on difficult tasks. I tried Provigil and it had the opposit effect. It is also a controlled substance, so don't try it at home.

Here is a new reference for essential fatty acid supplementation I haven't seen before. EPA supplementation for three months caused significant brain development in a few children.

Some of what I've read makes me wonder if there is an interesting relationship between osmotic balance, kidney function and intelligence, but I haven't thought hard enough or researched enough to say anything.

Mthson said at April 30, 2008 6:38 PM:

Could it be viable to use needless injectors to increase blood sugar level directly if one's will power/concentration isn't up to a task?

Larry Rudd said at April 30, 2008 6:41 PM:

The ease of life, advancement and increase in creature comforts for humans, if measured on a graph over the last 3,000 years, has spiked vertical since the industrial revolution. This coincides with a huge displacement of prehistoric carbon from inside the earth into the atmosphere. The rate of technological advancement seems to move exponentially on a yearly basis.
We've made some serious changes to our habitat that may not be very good.
Individually and corporately we have more power now than humans have ever experienced.
Human frailties and moral defects remain constant (we're not that much better than we used to be.)

In 100 years...
Living conditions my be very unpleasant over large portions of the earth and there's not much we can do about it.
There's a high likelihood that some manufactured plague may wipe out a large percentage of human population.
With free energy there will be pockets of livability in various places.
A way to extend lifespans beyond 150 years will probably be discovered.
Technology will reach a saturation point and people will long for a simpler existence. Ironically, they will use technology to achieve this.

Mthson said at April 30, 2008 8:43 PM:

My comment above should read "needleless injectors," not "needless."

Post a comment
Name (not anon or anonymous):
Email Address:
Remember info?

Go Read More Posts On FuturePundit
Site Traffic Info
The contents of this site are copyright