IVF Twins At Greater Risk Than Natural Twins
Assisted Reproduction Technologies (ART) - generally in vitro fertilization and associated technologies - produce higher rates of medical complications for babies born as twins.
Michèle Hansen, a researcher and PhD student at the Telethon Institute for Child Health Research in Western Australia, said: "We found that twins conceived following ART treatment had a greater risk of adverse perinatal outcome, including preterm birth, low birthweight and death, compared with spontaneously conceived twins of unlike sex. ART twins had more than double the risk of perinatal death compared to ULS SC twins, although the risk was similar to that of all SC twins, including identical twins.
"ART twins stayed longer in hospital than ULS SC twins at the time of their birth: an average of 12 days compared with eight days. ART twins were four times more likely to be admitted to neo-natal intensive care than ULS SC twins, and were more likely to be admitted to hospital during the first three years of their life. After adjusting for confounding factors such as year of birth, maternal age, parity and so on, ART twins still had a nearly two-thirds higher risk of being admitted to neo-natal intensive care, and a higher risk of being admitted to hospital in their first three years of life, although this was only statistically significant in their second year, when their risk was nearly two-thirds higher."
Ms Hansen continued: "Couples undergoing fertility treatment should be aware that, in addition to the known increased perinatal risks associated with a twin birth, ART twins are more likely than spontaneously conceived twins to be admitted to neonatal intensive care and to be hospitalised in their first three years of life.
These results are an argument against implanting multiple embryos when doing in vitro fertilization (IVF). But many women opt for multiple embryo implants because they want to increase their chances of starting even a single pregnancy. Women in their mid 30s and later already hear a lot clock ticking and realize that time is not on their side. So rather than undergo a series of single embryo implantations they get more than one embryo implanted at once.
Development of better ways to test embryos to identify better embryos for implantation increase IVF success rates. These methods that boost success rates decrease the need for multiple embryo implantation. Also, better testing (genetic and otherwise) will identify embryos that have much lower odds of producing birth defects. So in time IVF combined with pre-implantation testing could become safer than pregnancies started the natural way
Did they control for financial status and health insurance of the parents? IVF is expensive, ergo the parents have good income and probably the good health insurance that goes with it. Are infants with good insurance more likely to be admitted to hospital in the first year of life?
My experience working in the financial side of hospitals has shown me that when there is cruddy insurance or medicaid there is usually some bureaucrat urging that the patient be discharged ASAP. Insurance companies also push for discharge, but they aren't as stingy and diligent as the hospital and medicaid.
My husband seek for divorce and i see no reasons which i knew its for those bitches out there for almost 4 years and i tried all i could to have him back cos i really loved this man so much but i made a vow ain't gon lose him to any bitch. Sadly all my effort didn't work out.. We met at our early age in college and we both have feelings for each other and we got married happily for 5 years with no kid and he woke up one morning and told me he’s going on a divorce, i thought it was a joke and when he came back from work he tender to me a divorce letter and he packed all his belonging from my house and left. i was devastated and i tried all i could to have him back but all did not work. i was lonely for almost 4 years, So i contacted a man who says he is a spell caster and i told the spell caster what happened he said he will help me and he asked for his full name and his picture. i gave him that. At first i was skeptical but i gave it a try cos i have tried so many spell casters and there is no solution, so when he finished with the readings, he got back to me that he’s with a woman and that woman is the reason why he left me, The spell caster said he will help me with a spell that will surely bring him back, but i never believe all this he told me i will see a positive result within 3 days. 3 days later, he called me himself and came to me apologizing and he told me he will come back home. i can't believe this, it was like a dream cos i never believe this will work out after trying many spell casters and there is no solution. The spell caster is so powerful and after that he helped me with a pregnancy spell and i got pregnant a month later, we are now happy been together again and with lovely kid. This spell caster has really changed my life i will forever thankful to you, Doc Muna helped many of my friends too with similar problem and they are happy and thankful too. This man is indeed the most powerful spell caster i have ever experienced in life. Am Posting this to the Forum in case there is anyone who has similar problem and still looking for a way out. you can reach him EMAiL: marvelspelltemple @ gmail. com