September 09, 2013
Chocolate Causes Weight Gain?
Not looking good for chocolate.
Habitual chocolate intake was recently found to be associated with lower body weight in three cross-sectional epidemiological studies. Our objective was to assess whether these cross-sectional results hold up in a more rigorous prospective analysis.
Our prospective analysis found that a chocolate habit was associated with long-term weight gain, in a dose-response manner. Our cross-sectional finding that chocolate intake was associated with lower body weight did not apply to participants without preexisting serious illness.
The more chocolate the larger the long term weight gain.
Our main finding is that in the ARIC cohort more frequent consumption of chocolate was significantly associated with long-term greater weight gain. This association followed a dose-response-like pattern, with the greatest weight gain seen in participants with the highest frequency of chocolate intake. For instance, compared to participants who ate a chocolate serving less often than monthly, those who ate it 1–4 times a month and at least weekly experienced an increase in BMI (kg/m2) of 0.26 (95% CI: 0.08, 0.44) and 0.39 (0.23, 0.55), respectively, during the six-year study period. For participants of average height (1.68 m) these BMI increases are equivalent to a body weight gain (kg) of 0.73 (95% CI: 0.23, 1.24) and 1.10 (0.65, 1.58), respectively.
Chocolate might decrease the feeling of satiety.
Our finding of a direct association between chocolate intake and weight gain is consonant with the results of a recent randomized-trial that a higher dose of chocolate led to a larger weight gain over a period of three months . In addition to the high caloric density of chocolate, our results could also be partly due to decreased satiety induced by the regular intake of chocolate, as observed in a recent randomized controlled trial .
I find that cheese seems to increase my feeling of satiety. What about you?
Randall Parker, 2013 September 09 08:50 PM
Eating candy makes people fat? Verily, we live in a golden age of scientific discovery! With a bunch of goddamn geniuses like this on the job, a cure for cancer cannot be far off.
What do they mean by chocolate though? Super sweet milk chocolate or the dark kinds (which are less sweetened but still fatty). Also what quantities?
"Another limitation is that our exposure variable did not distinguish between different types of chocolate (white, milk, dark) so we were unable to assess the effects of chocolate type. There is some evidence that the flavanol epicatechin in cocoa can increase mitochondrial biogenesis in rodents , so if we had had data on chocolate type, we could have tested the hypothesis that dark chocolate yields smaller prospective BMI increases than milk or white chocolate in the ARIC cohort."
...so they didn't control for the very thing that potentially showed less BMI increase.
In the interests of science I hereby volunteer to consume as much dark chocolate as I possibly can until further notice.
>...so they didn't control for the very thing that potentially showed less BMI increase.
. . .but Randall cited it regardless.
Yeah, that's brilliant: They've got chocolate mixed with fat and sugar being the predominant form in which it is consumed, and they didn't try to control for the form of consumption to figure out whether "chocolate" was causing the weight gain, or FAT AND SUGAR.
Yeah, this is a junk study.
Chocolate sadly does put on weight - Love Chocolate's to death but it puts on 5 kg every time.
Anything in Moderation is good but I don't do chocolates in moderate doses.
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